Alliance to End Chickens as Kaporos Files Lawsuit Against Hasidic Rabbis and Synagogues in Brooklyn
Members of The Alliance to End Chickens as Kaporos pose with photo exhibits outside 71 Thomas St. on Tuesday in New York. The group of Brooklyn residents
is suing four rabbis, several Hasidic congregations and the city to stop an annual religious ritual that involves chicken flying and slicing chickens'
necks on the sidewalk. – New York Daily News, Aug. 25, 2015
The Alliance to End Chickens as Kaporos along with 20 additional plaintiffs has filed a lawsuit in the New York Supreme Court New York to
issue an injunction against Hasidic rabbis and synagogues in Brooklyn from participating in “Kaporos,” a highly controversial religious custom
which involves the confinement, torture and barbaric slaughter of more than 50,000 chickens on public streets every year during the week preceding the
Jewish holiday Yom Kippur. The case also names the NYPD, NYC Department of Health and the City of New York for failing to enforce city health laws and
animal cruelty laws, among others. The Alliance to End Chickens as Kaporos was formed in New York City in 2010 as a project of, and under the umbrella of, United Poultry Concerns, founded by Karen Davis, PhD. Kaporos using live chickens is also practiced in other cities in the U.S. including
Los Angeles, where attorneys filed a similar lawsuit in August to prohibit the ritual.
The 21 plaintiffs are a group of individuals and residents of the subject locations who have endured the inconvenience, nuisance, filth, stench, public
health risk and emotional trauma involved in Kaporos for years. Each plaintiff is gravely concerned about the health risks in their community, the
contaminants on the streets and sidewalks and the emotional trauma caused by the bloody animal violence they are forced to witness.
WHAT IS KAPOROS
Kaporos is allegedly a ritual of atonement practiced by Hasidic Jews as part of the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur. The ritual involves practitioners
grasping live chickens by their wings and swinging them above the practitioners’ heads. The purpose of this act, followed by the slaughter, is
allegedly to transfer the practitioners’ sins and punishment to the birds, allegedly absolving the participants of their sins. In order to conduct
the slaughter of the birds, Kaporos involves the erection of makeshift slaughterhouses on the public streets and sidewalks of the City of New York. Dead
chickens, half dead chickens, chicken blood, chicken feathers, chicken urine, chicken feces, other toxins and garbage such as used latex gloves and filthy
tarps consume the public streets. There is no oversight and no remedy for cleanup.
PUBLIC HEALTH THREAT
Michael J. McCabe, Jr., Ph.D., DABT, ATS, an expert on matters involving toxicology, microbiology, immunology, human disease causation and environmental
health sciences, states that the events involved in Kaporos constitute a substantial public health risk that could have catastrophic consequences. In his
25 page affidavit, Dr. McCabe warns that the Kaporos activities put the public at risk for unacceptable exposure to known toxic and infectious biohazards.
He says that handling poultry is a source of infectious disease for humans, and the activities of Kaporos put participants and nearby residents at risk for
Salmonella, Campylobacter, and avian viruses including certain strains of influenza and other bacterial pathogens such as Arcobacter, Chlamydophila and E.
According to Dr. McCabe, it is for this reason that slaughterhouses are heavily regulated and supervised. He says in the report that, “The activities
associated with the Kaporos event represent a hazardous condition; namely, the operation of a large scale, open-air and unrestricted access makeshift
poultry slaughterhouse in the middle of a major urban population center.”
All of the plaintiffs witnessed chickens being tortured, unjustifiably injured and maimed, and deprived of food and water. Chickens are usually grabbed by
their wings, sometimes three birds at a time. According to veterinarian John Hynes, DVM, this causes ligaments to rip and wings to break, causing extreme
agony for the birds. Meanwhile the birds are packed tightly into transport crates and stacked up to 10 crates high, with no protection from the elements,
no food or water, and excrement constantly falling on them from the birds above. The birds often die of heat prostration, dehydration and starvation before
they are ever used. Plaintiffs have witnessed garbage bags on the city streets moving only to find dying and live birds inside slowly suffocating to death.
There is an easy solution to this needless cruelty. Kaporos practitioners can swing coins instead of torturing birds.
THERE IS NO RELIGIOUS EXEMPTION FOR BREAKING LAWS
The case was filed by attorneys Nora Constance Marino and Jessica Astrof. According to Marino, “A myriad of laws are being violated every year while
the NYPD turns a blind eye. There is absolutely no religious exemption for breaking laws designed to protect public health and safety. The New York State
legislature clearly proscribes the erection of any slaughterhouse on residential streets in an effort to protect residents from the health hazards inherent
in slaughterhouse operations. There is simply no way around that prohibition. Religious activities never trump laws designed to protect public health from
catastrophic danger. Kaporos practitioners cannot operate a slaughterhouse in a residential neighborhood when New York State law strictly prohibits it to
protect the public from potentially life threatening illnesses associated with the unregulated slaughter of animals on public streets.”
MONEY-MAKING ENTERPRISE RATHER THAN A SOLEMN RITUAL
The chicken swinging and slaughtering operation has turned into a million-dollar enterprise for the synagogues, as each of the 50,000 chickens is
“sold” for approximately $20, all at the expense of the public health, safety and quality of life. Plaintiffs describe the ritual as a
“carnival-like” atmosphere, with children running around, kicking birds and stomping in the chicken blood. Rabbi Shea Hecht, considered the
leader of Kaporos in Brooklyn, was quoted in the Shmais News Service referring to the marketing of chickens during Kaporos as a “private
business” citing his competition as simply the result of “capitalism.” But as Marino sees it, “Capitalism is not religion. There is
no Capitalism Freedom Restoration Act. Clearly this has become a money-making scheme rather than a sacred religious ritual.”
WHAT TO EXPECT NEXT
On August 25, 2015, the case was heard in the New York Supreme Court, NY County. Oral arguments were presented from all sides. The judge reserved decision
until September 10, 2015.
The Alliance to End Chickens as Kaporos
is a project of United Poultry Concerns. Formed in New York City in June 2010, the Alliance is an association of groups and individuals who seek to replace the use of chickens in Kaporos
ceremonies with money or other non-animal symbols of atonement. The Alliance does not oppose Kaporos per se, only the cruel and unnecessary use of
chickens in the ceremony. To learn more about the Alliance, go to
Photo by Carol Guzy, The Washington Post